03 December 2007

St. Pius X on Separation of Church and State

In the previous post I quoted the position Martin Luther held regarding the relation between a ruler and the Church. In his 1905 encyclical Vehementer nos, St. Pius X writes:

That the State must be separated from the Church is a thesis absolutely false, a most pernicious error. Based, as it is, on the principle that the State must not recognize any religious cult, it is in the first place guilty of a great injustice to God; for the Creator of man is also the Founder of Human societies, and preserves their existence as he preserves our own. We owe Him, therefore, not only a private cult, but a public and social worship to honor Him. Besides, this thesis is an obvious negation of the supernatural order. It limits the action of the State to the pursuit of public prosperity during this life only, which is but the proximate object of political societies; and it occupies itself in no fashion (on the pleas that this is foreign to it) with their ultimate object which is man's eternal happiness. The same thesis also upsets the order providentially established by God in the world, which demands a harmonious agreement between the two societies...
It follows necessarily that there are many things belonging to them in common in which both societies must have relations with one another... Finally, this thesis inflicts great injury on society itself, for it cannot either prosper or last long when due place is not left for religion, which is the supreme rule and the sovereign mistress in all questions touching the rights and duties of men.

4 comments:

Laura The Crazy Mama said...

Hmmm, It seems I've heard something like this before...but with a lot less fancy words...oh yeah! In my comment on the previous post.

Heehee, just kidding! I was getting there, just couldn't put it in those finer words with actual, complete thoughts. Of course, I am not a pope, (wouldn't want to be one!) just a gal with a lot on her mind!

MinnesotaMan said...

I'm glad I found the quote too, no sense re-inventing the wheel.

Anonymous said...

Nice site! I stumbled on this blog after visiting www.corpuschristianum.org and got in the mood to find more material on chivalry.

MinnesotaMan said...

I'm glad you like the site. Thanks for the link to corpuschristianum and their link to the Broadstone of Honor. I didn't really want to pay several hundred dollars for the used copy I did find.

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